Taking care of your eyes is essential to living a satisfying life. That is why it is important to visit your optometrist regularly to help you steer clear of or reduce vision problems.
Some common eye issues are blurred vision, blind spots, floaters, and halos. Blurred vision describes the loss of detailed vision. Blind spots are called scotomas, and they are dark “holes” in the area of vision in which you can see nothing. Floaters are tiny pieces of protein or other elements that drift about in the part of the eye that is clear and somewhat gel-like. All of these problems can result from the eye being damaged, or can be a natural result of the body’s aging, diabetes, or taking certain medicines.
Here are some tips and tricks to help you take care of your eyes:
1. Do Not Wait With Issues
It is unfortunate, that frequently, people experiencing vision difficulties wait much too long before scheduling an eye exam. If you undergo any type of vision change, have it checked immediately. Only an eye care doctor can diagnose worrisome vision problems, such as diabetic retinopathy, or glaucoma, while they are still at an early enough stage to be treatable.
2. Main Types of Eye Professionals
- Opticians – They provide glasses but do not diagnose problems with the eyes.
- Optometrists – These perform eye examinations and diagnose eye diseases. They can further prescribe glasses as well as contact lenses, and eye medicines to help treat various diseases.
- Ophthalmologists – Medical doctors who detect and prescribe treatment for diseases affecting the eyes. They also do eye surgery. Some of these eye care providers may further provide ordinary eye care services, such as prescribing contact lenses and eyeglasses.
- Primary care providers – If it is determined that an eye issue caused by a general health problem, then your primary health care doctor should also be involved in treatment.
3. Symptoms to Watch for
The following symptoms, even if they go away, are still a serious indication that you should see an eye care doctor as soon as possible:
- A red, painful eye or any pain in the eye is an emergency. Don’t hesitate.
- Double vision
- Partial or complete loss of vision in one or both eyes
- Feeling as if a shade or curtain has been drawn across your area of vision
- Blind spots, areas of unclear vision, or halos seen around lights
- An injury to the eye or the bone around the eye.
These symptoms are a clear indication you need to see an eye care doctor some time soon:
- Objects appearing less sharp
- Difficulty seeing at night or when reading
- Difficulty seeing objects in your peripheral vision area
- Difficulty telling certain colors
- Itching of the eye or fluid oozing from the eye
- Blurring of objects that are too near or too far away.
4. Proper Eye Care
Every individual should have a routine eye exam annually or every two years, and a dilated exam yearly after age 60. In between eye care visits, you can do these things to improve or maintain your sight:
- Consume 5 servings of vegetables and fruits daily
- Avoid smoking
- Wear your glasses
- If you are doing computer work or any type of tasks daily that involve continually using your eyes, take a regular break
- Wear sunglasses when outside
- Keep conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or high cholesterol under control.
5. Steps You Can Take
- Spots in line of vision – Normally, seeing these spots or floaters is a common experience due to aging. You do not really need to worry about it. But if this becomes an issue, seeing flashes, or “floaters,” it may indicate something more serious such as diabetic retinopathy, carotid artery disease, or even early-stage retinal detachment. Visit your eye care doctor if you have any of these symptoms. These are extremely serious conditions, which if allowed to go untreated can lead to permanent blindness.
- Sensitivity to bright light – Opt for sunglasses that block 80% to 90% of sunlight. Furthermore, sunglasses that block up to 99% to 100% of ultraviolet A radiation and B radiation help in keeping your eyes protected from cataracts. Do not wear dark glasses at nighttime or while indoors. If you continually do so, your eyes can become more sensitive to light as time passes. You want to protect them, not make them more sensitive to light.